Energy, water and environment

Energy, water resource management, waste management, as well as environmental protection and preservation schemes exhibit dynamic trends and, therefore, complex challenges due to their direct relation to development, as expressed through growth and competitiveness rates.
Increasing the sustainability of development by de-coupling growth from natural resources is of crucial importance. Companies around the globe encounter today’s challenges such as the changing energy generation mix and efforts to de-carbonize, securing fuel and supply at reasonable prices, comply with global regulations on emissions …


Technology is probably the most influential factor contributing on a global scale to the economic and social context of our present and future. As such, technology driven sectors such as Telecoms, Information Technology, Media and Electronics are at the forefront of importance facing at the same time very significant challenges.
The migration from the physical to the digital world has effected major disruption across a large number of economic and social activities and has fostered the emergence of new business models …

Research and Innovation

Innovation refers to the creation of new or significantly improved products, processes, marketing methods and organization structures that add value to markets, governments and the society. Investments in Research and Innovation (R&I) are driving long-term growth, and it is widely accepted that countries that invest in R&I are recovering faster from the current economic crisis.
Across Europe Research and Innovation is identified as one of the key drivers that will enable the European economy to get back on track. Europe is …

International donors

Development aid and expertise have assumed special significance for many countries worldwide vis-a-vis their resource constraints and lack of capacity to plan, develop and implement projects and programmes. International donors and development organizations assist the developing and the under-developed world to overcome their obstacles to socio-economic progress, providing financial support, together with a wide range of technical and administrative facilities.
The European Union is the world’s leading donor working with partner countries across the globe. While the member states themselves are …

Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Bulgaria represent  99,8% of the total private sector of the country which is slightly higher than the EU27 average in 2013 (Eurostat). They represent 76% of the total employment and 61% of added value. In those terms SMEs are the most significant part of the Bulgarian and European economy, affecting directly both the financial and the social aspects of the economic life.
During the last years SMEs in Bulgaria and in the region faced several …

Ministries & Public Authorities

Governments have been undertaking reforms to become more efficient, transparent, responsive and citizen-oriented. Public administrations are becoming more flexible and performance-focused, adopting a forward-looking approach in their planning and budgeting. Process and organizational changes introduced increasingly focus on end-performance results and quality of services offered. Public administrations have progressively substituted the direct provision of some services with either outsourced ones or in partnership with private sector entities, focusing mainly on the creation and regulation of new markets. Furthermore, public sector …

Regional and Local Authorities

Regional administration and local authorities plays an important role in improving the living standards of citizens, which is reflected in the wide range of its jurisdiction and responsibilities and includes the development of infrastructure and provision of services such as water, sanitation, transport infrastructure, public spaces, healthcare services, educational services, etc. Additionally, it has a key role on issues related to spatial planning, environmental protection, employment, disaster prevention. Good local governance is crucial to democratic participation, political dialogue, social cohesion …


It is well established that education is an important prerequisite for sustainable development and effective participation of citizens in socio-economic progress. This is highlighted by the fact that specific educational goals concerning reduction of early school leaving rates, below 10% and achieving at least 40% of 30-34–year-olds completing third level education are included in the “Europe 2020” agenda.
The long-term strategic objectives of EU education and training policies are:

Making lifelong learning and mobility a reality;
Improving the quality and efficiency of education …

Tourism & Leisure

Significant part of an economy is driven by the tourism and leisure service sectors, each with its own challenges and characteristics.
Tourism, a national industry for countries like Greece and Bulgaria, as well as others that compete in the global tourism market, is a multi sectoral, stakeholder intensive, capital demanding and people driven industry.
As such, the challenges faced by the tourism sector typically involve:

increase of demand for existing tourist services
development of new products and services
improvement of the operational and financial performance …

Employment & Social Security

Employment policies keep presenting formidable challenges to policy makers and governments, especially due to their intersections with industrial and innovation policies in the context of longer term structural transformations. Today, employment policy actions and reforms are urgently called for to stimulate job creation and ensure a sustainable job-rich growth, encouraging and matching labour market needs for existing and new skills, while preventing a build-up of social and fiscal costs in the longer term.
From an employment perspective, a focus on sectors …